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Updates from Argentina
Tuesday, 31 January 2012
Water, water, water, .....
Topic: Argentina
Tuesday, January 31st 2012 - 05:04 UTC

Shallow canals and low water levels obstruct Argentina’s main grains terminal

The grounding of two bulk carriers one in the Parana River and a second in the Martin Garcia access canal are evidence of the frail fluvial communications system between the River Plate and the Atlantic, reports the press from the port of Rosario, Argentina’s second largest city and among the world’s main grain export terminals.

 

Furthermore the situation is considered critical by shipping agents and the grain business in Argentina and Uruguay since in 2014 the Panama Canal will have completed its expansion and deeper dredging, which means that a new generation of vessels with more draught will be sailing sea lanes.

Last August the bulk carrier “Alexandria” grounded in the Martin Garcia River Plate canal. The vessel 179 metres long and with a draught of 8.68 metres had loaded 19.300 tons of wheat for Brazil in San Lorenzo on the Parana River.

Only a week ago “Aristeas P” another bulk carrier (189 metres long and 9.96 draught) with 30.516 tons of soybean by-products grounded in a bank of sand and mud at kilometre 390 of the Parana River, where it remained stuck for over a week in spite of all the tugs’ efforts.

Over a hundred vessels had to wait for that time, and shipments of wheat and other grains and oilseeds were paralyzed.

The development of Argentina and Uruguay and other countries from the region, producers of grains and oilseeds which are bulk transported in great volumes need of an efficient transport and freight system to remain competitive. Given the low unitary value of the cargo they are most vulnerable to the cost of maritime transport.

“These incidents are evidence of the limitations and challenges that navigation canals in the Parana River and the River Plate represent for the agriculture industry and need to be addressed on time”, said Alberto Tello, an official with the Rosario Maritime Centre.

The Martin Garcia canal is 9.75 metres deep and Argentina and Uruguay have agreed to dredge it to 10.40 metres, which has become the minimum depth for cargo traffic in the River Plate.

And what determines bulk carriers’ tonnage and size: one of the factors is the depths of the Panama Canal (12.5 metres) and the Suez canal (15 metres), and the most common vessel has been the Panamax (compatible with the Panama Canal)

However in two years time, August 2014 the ambitious expansion works of the Panama Canal will be ready and the Post-Panamax vessels will become king. Panama Canal locks depth will increase from 12.8 metres to 18.3 metres, which means more efficient and economic to run bulk carriers, and obviously with greater draught.

Currently significant delays in the port of Rosario and navigation operations along the Parana River are occurring, since vessels that finish their loading cannot set sail because of insufficient water level, and those in the Rio de la Plata cannot navigate and are waiting to be able to come up to the loading areas.

“Imagine the situation in a couple of years when the Panama Canal begins operating with 18 metres”, underlined Alberto Tello.

 

LINK, ..... http://en.mercopress.com/2012/01/31/shallow-canals-and-low-water-levels-obstruct-argentina-s-main-grains-terminal?login-fb=1?login-fb=1


Posted by bob frassinetti at 2:47 PM
Friday, 25 November 2011
Argentina Tema tabú: el agua en Mendoza
Topic: Argentina

Tema tabú: el agua en Mendoza. El avance de los barrios privados empuja a los emprendimientos vitivinicolas, poniendo en riesgo áreas cultivables y su principal recurso de producción: el agua 

 

 Por Alejandro Maglione

amaglione@lanacion.com.ar
@crisvalsfco


El agua
Este es un tema que siempre nos da trabajo a los argentinos. Nos cuesta creer que los anticipos que se vienen haciendo sobre la escasez creciente de la disponibilidad de agua potable en el mundo, alguna vez pueda siquiera rozarnos.

¿Cómo explicarle a un chico porteño, que de tanto en tanto se asoma al río más ancho del mundo, al que Juan Díaz de Solís denominara el "Mar Dulce", que debe controlar su consumo de agua? 

Cada semana se nos habla de los enormes acuíferos que hay a nuestra vista en forma de lagos, esteros o ríos, como también de esa suerte de "mares" subterráneos que existirían bajo nuestros pies, prontos a ser explotados de ser necesarios. Y digo "existirían" a sabiendas de que en la Provincia de Buenos Aires, por ejemplo, no existe un mapa de los acuíferos subterráneos. 

Mendoza
En poco más de un mes he estado en dos oportunidades en Mendoza y he disfrutado mirando el reverdecer de sus viñedos. Esta provincia es un desierto hecho y derecho, que el hombre domesticó a costa de hacer pozos buscando agua; represas que la contengan; centenares de kilómetros de acequias que canalizan el precioso líquido para acercar este fluido vital a los cultivos que lo precisen.

Desde la primera de estas veces que estuve allí, me llamó la atención que el denominado "Cordón de Plata" lucía un desteñido marrón terroso. La nieve que le da su denominación brilla por su ausencia una vez más. Le comento mi preocupación al bodeguero que me acompañaba en ese recorrido de octubre, y no solo coincidió conmigo, sino que me dijo: "esto no es nuevo, hace un par de años que la nieve desaparece tempranamente y la pasamos mal.". 

La nieve

El asunto de que haya o no nieve es más que fundamental. En Mendoza llueve poquísimo, sino no hablaríamos de que tiene una geografía árida. El secreto del agua para riego e incluso potable, radica en que la cordillera exhiba magnificas nevadas, que luego se irán fundiendo lentamente a medida que se va instalando el verano, y así el agua debe fluir pausadamente hacia los ríos, llenar las represas, y alimentar las fuentes de agua subterránea que nutren los pozos de donde se sirven los productores.

Por lo tanto, si la nieve escasea es fácil anticipar que el agua potable también lo hará.


El avance de los barrios privados empuja a los emprendimientos vitivinicolas, poniendo en riesgo áreas cultivables y su principal recurso de producción: el agua
Sin novedad
La prensa, comenzando por el editorial de La Nacióndel pasado día 21, expresa su preocupación por el tema. Incluso, periódicos como Los Andes, plantean con coraje la problemática del agua.

Justamente este diario mendocino, viene publicando notas donde expresa su preocupación por las "excepciones" que se vienen reiterando a los permisos de perforación de pozos, dependiendo de que el solicitante integre la lista de ricos y famosos, que invierten en la provincia, a los que, pareciera, los funcionarios no tienen valor de negarles nada que ellos soliciten.

Lo malo es que los ricos y famosos, por seguir con esta tipología, no parecieran tener como fin fundamental el sumarse a la actividad productiva, sino que se apasionan por los proyectos principalmente inmobiliarios que ayudan a la proliferación de las explotaciones del tipo "countries" que tan bien conocemos en el Gran Buenos Aires. Juran su amor por la producción de vino, pero mientras tanto lotean las tierras que compran para desarrollar un negocio que les promete pingües ganancias.

Napa Valley

 

La famosa zona de California, donde se producen los mejores vinos de los Estados Unidos, y en algunos casos, del mundo, tiene perfectamente regulada su zona productiva, desalentando y hasta prohibiendo que se construya sobre las tierras aptas para la viticultura. No permiten nada que no tenga que ver con la producción de vino. 

Pude observar un mapa aéreo donde se aprecia claramente como un condado vecino vio rápidamente ocupadas sus zonas de cultivo, por áreas residenciales y de esparcimiento, por no contar con limitación legal de ninguna naturaleza a este respecto.

 

 Mendoza II

En Mendoza es fácil advertir que este fenómeno de desplazamiento de las áreas de cultivo por lugares de esparcimiento o vivienda se está dando paso a paso y sin descanso. Luján de Cuyo o Agrelo son apenas un botón de muestra, de una tendencia que llegó hasta el Valle de Uco, donde estando prohibido hacer nuevos pozos, se autorizaron "excepciones" para posibilitar la instalación de algún country-


El avance de los barrios privados empuja a los emprendimientos vitivinicolas, poniendo en riesgo áreas cultivables y su principal recurso de producción: el agua
Este tema puntual, por suerte parece que ha producido alguna reacción y se está enjuiciando a la autoridad del agua provincial por este "descuido".

Lo que me llamó la atención, dentro de esta historia, es que los mendocinos en sí mismos no parecen preocuparles el tema. Los hoteles de todo tipo hablan de no lavar las toallas para evitar el consumo de detergentes, pero nada indica en la habitación o el baño, que sea cuidadoso con el consumo del agua, explicando que usted se encuentra habitando una zona naturalmente desértica, pobre el lluvias anuales, y encima ahora con emergencia hídrica por baja precipitación nívea.

Como si esto fuera poco, los productores en Mendoza -una estadística habla del 90%- continúan usando como sistema de riego el de surco, en lugar de recurrir al por goteo, que le permitiera a Israel transformas desiertos en vergeles. Pocos hablan de esto. Sé que algunas de las grandes bodegas están pensando en facilitar su instalación a sus proveedores de uva, dándoles facilidades de pago y poder hacerlo con producto.

Escuché que hay una línea de crédito que se llama PROSAP, que puede llegar a ofrecer 20 años de plazo para devolver créditos que se apliquen a estas mejoras. Sin ser experto ni pretender serlo, lo que quiero decir es que formas pareciera que hay o se pueden imaginar con realismo. Quizás falta el querer para poder.

Educación
Me consta que algo se está haciendo en Luján de Cuyo a este respecto, aplicando sistemas como el WET (Water Education for Teachers), que consiste en educar a las maestras para que a su vez eduquen a los niños en la conciencia del cuidado del agua, mediante técnicas que incorporan activamente lo lúdico. Y se sabe que los niños son grandes educadores de los padres.

Conclusión

Días pasados vi una excelente documental que hablaba del proceso de desertificación en Australia, sumado a la sobre explotación del río Murray, el más largo de este subcontinente con 2375 kilómetros de extensión, que cada vez aleja más su desembocadura al mar porque su lecho seco se va adentrando a la tierra más y más. La tardía queja de los productores les anticipa que necesitaran 60 años para intentar remediar el daño. Que algunos se estén despertando a esta realidad en Mendoza, no alcanza: toda la provincia tiene que pasar de la toma de conciencia a la acción para defender su industria madre, pasando del susurro al grito. Somos mayoría los que deseamos esto, que nadie lo dude.

 

 

 


Posted by bob frassinetti at 12:35 PM
Sunday, 10 July 2011
Argentina in today's World
Topic: Argentina

Posted by bob frassinetti at 6:54 PM
Updated: Sunday, 10 July 2011 6:56 PM
Saturday, 9 July 2011
Argentina and the USA
Topic: Argentina

 

Yesterday Argentina, Today the USA, and Tomorrow, you, .........

How The Bubble Destroyed the Middle Class

by Rex Nutting
Friday, July 8, 2011

 

Commentary: Sluggish growth is no mystery: No one has any money, A lot of people say they are deeply puzzled by the slow recovery in the U.S. economy. They look at the 9+% unemployment rate and the mediocre growth in national output, and they scratch their heads and wonder: Where is the boom that inevitably follows a deep bust, such as we experienced in 2008 and 2009?

 


But there is no mystery. What other result would you expect from the financial ruin of the once-great American middle class?

And make no mistake, the middle class has been ruined: Its wealth has been decimated, its income isn't even keeping pace with inflation, and its faith in the American economy has been shattered. Once, the middle class grew richer each year, grew more comfortable, enjoyed a higher living standard. It was real progress in material terms.

MW-AL315_homeow_20110707153524_MD.jpg

But that progress has been halted and even reversed. In some respects, the middle class has made no progress in a generation, or two.

This isn't just a sad story about a few losers. The prosperity of the middle class has been the chief engine of growth in the economy for a century or more. But now our mass market is no longer growing. How could it? The middle class doesn't have any money.

There are a hundred different ways of looking at the economy, and a million different statistics. But if you wanted to focus on just one number that explains why the economy can't really recover, this is the one: $7.38 trillion.

That's the amount of wealth that's been lost from the bursting of housing bubble, according to the Federal Reserve's comprehensive Flow of Funds report. It's how much homeowners lost when housing prices plunged 30% nationwide. The loss for these homeowners was much greater than 30%, however, because they were heavily leveraged.

Leverage is an amazing thing: When prices go up, the borrower gets all the gains. And when prices go down, the borrower takes all the losses. Some families lost everything when the bubble collapsed, others lost very little. But, on average, American homeowners lost 55% of the wealth in their home.

Most middle-class families didn't have much wealth to begin with — about $100,000. For the 22 million families right in the middle of the income distribution (those making between $39,000 and $62,000 before taxes), about 90% of their assets was in the house. Now half of their wealth is gone and it will never come back as long as they live.

Of course, rich folk lost lots of wealth during the panic as well. Their wealth is mostly in paper not bricks — stocks, bonds, mutual funds, life insurance. The market value of those assets fell further than home prices did during the crash, but they've mostly recovered their value now. The S&P 500 (^GSPC - News) lost 56% of its value when it crashed, but it's doubled since then. Stocks are down about 13% from peak.

The rich recovered; the rest of us didn't.

If losing half your meager life savings weren't bad enough, the middle class has also been falling behind in terms of income for decades. Families in the middle make most of their money the old-fashioned way: Working their fingers to the bone for 40 years for wages and a modest pension.

MW-AL316_debt_i_20110707153612_MD.jpg

Their wages have been flat after adjusting for inflation. In the late 1960s, the 20% of families right in the middle were earning almost their full share of the pie: they had 17.5% of total income. Their share has been falling steadily ever since. Now, that 20% is earning just 14.6% of all income. Meanwhile, the top 5% captured a growing share, going from 17% in the late 1960s to 22% today.

The housing bubble was the last chance most middle-class families saw for grasping the brass ring. Working hard didn't pay off. Investing in the stock market was a sucker's bet. But the housing bubble allowed middle-class families to dream again and more importantly to keep spending as if they were getting a big fat raise every year.

I don't think we've quite grasped how much the bubble distorted the economy in the Oughts, and how much it continues to distort it today. We're still paying the bills from that binge.

During the last expansion from 2003 to 2007, according to an analysis by Fed economists, American homeowners took $2.3 trillion in equity out of their homes through cash-out refinancing and home-equity loans, and they spent about $1.3 trillion of it on cars, boats, vacations, flat-screen televisions and shoes for the kids.

All that spending circulated through the economy, creating millions of jobs here and in China, where they make those TVs and shoes.

During that period, the economy grew at an annual average rate of 2.7%, which is about typical for our economy. But growth would have been closer to 2% if we hadn't had a housing bubble; if we hadn't had the extra consumption financed by the bubble and if we hadn't built millions of surplus homes. That's a huge difference. At 2.7%, the economy can create a significant number of jobs. But 2% is stagnation, not even keeping pace with population growth and productivity improvements.

Now that the bubble has burst, homeowners are putting money INTO their homes, not taking it out. The impulse to pay down the mortgage and the credit card is reducing the amount of money we're spending on other things. Since 2007, instead of taking $2 trillion out of their house, homeowners have put $1.3 trillion into them.

You think that might be having an impact on consumer spending?

MW-AL317_income_20110707153659_MD.jpg

Even with trillions in debt being paid off or written off, very little progress has been made in deleveraging. The debt-to-disposable income ratio has slipped from 130% at the height of the bubble to 115%, but that's still far more than the 90% recorded in 2000 or the 80% of 1989 or the 60% of 1976. No one knows how far it needs to fall before American families are comfortable with how much they owe.

The slow growth in the economy is no mystery: Most families don't have any extra money to spend. It will take a long time for the middle class to rebuild its wealth, especially if we don't find some work.

The crazy thing is that our leaders aren't even talking about this crisis. With the upper classes prospering and global markets booming, they don't need the U.S. middle class any more. The market is up, profits are soaring, and the corporate jet is fueled and ready for takeoff.

And if the middle class can't buy bread? Let them eat cake.

Rex Nutting is a columnist and MarketWatch's international commentary editor, based in Washington.

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Posted by bob frassinetti at 1:33 PM
Saturday, 11 June 2011
Argentinien, Chile und Südamerika
Topic: Argentina
Old German Cars Tractors Steam Engines and Steam
Ja, wir verkaufen deutsche Sammlerstücke, Kunst und Antiquitäten und .... Selling World Wide alle Arten von Artikeln aus Kunst zu Antique in Deutschland hergestellt, entweder Motoren, Autos, oder jede Art von Traktor Kunstwerk, Manuskripte und sogar Fotos. Germ Kultur, aus der deutschen Familien, die nach Südamerika verlegt und besondere im Süden von Südamerika, Länder wie Argentinien, Chile und Paraguay. Das reiche kulturelle Erbe deutschen in einigen Fällen verloren und nun gefunden. Schon mal was von all jene gedacht ........ VW, Mercedes Benz, Lanz Bulldog Traktoren, und die Liste geht weiter und weiter, .. Alle Top-Namen der hergestellten Teilen aus Deutschland, sind es in diesem Teil der Welt. Bitte zögern Sie nicht, mich mit Ihrer Wunschliste Kontakt, keine Nummer zu klein oder zu groß für uns zu finden und zu Schiff zurück zu Museen und privaten Sammlungen in Deutschland. Bob Frassinetti, Kunstsammler und Design Antiquitätenhändler arbeitet dieser Teil der Welt Bob Frassinetti, Kunstsammler und Design Antiquitätenhändler, Kurator und Entwickler sowie freier Journalist aus Argentinien, Buenos Aires, Arbeitsbedingungen zu finden, schreiben beide für Genuss und die Arbeit an Kunst, Antiquitäten und Sammlerstücke, auf und in Buenos Aires, Argentinien als auch in den Nachbarländern, Chile und Uruguay. "Ich habe für mehrere Reisen Abenteuer, Art & Antiques Magazine auf und abseits der Web geschrieben und geforscht haben Spielzeuge hier in Argentinien, sowie Travel Adventure von Route 40 und Leuchtturm Adventures entlang der atlantischen und pazifischen Küste, Rallye Dakar 2009, 2010, 2012 und für ein 4. Mal, 2012, Kuratorin und Investor in Bricks & Art "Aufbau einer Galerie Museum in der Provinz Cordoba" eine einzigartige und exklusive Real Estate Investment hier in Argentinien. Reisen für Kunst und Antiquitäten "und ich habe Online seit 1996 Wohnen mit Kunst und Antiquitäten und Reisen im Süden von Südamerika. Argentinien, Chile, Paraguay und Uruguay Buenos Aires 2011 Argentinien

Posted by bob frassinetti at 4:08 PM

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